When an issue of significance arises, the whanau/hapu gather in hui (normally down at the marae), to discuss the matter. They determine the issue according the their kawa and tikanga and make considerations upon the matter. In days of old, when the determinations were complete, the hapu would implement their decisions and the matter would be resolved. However, in our days, we have the Courts coming in and over-ruling the decision of the Hapu.
The Hapu determinations can now be applied by using the Native Council status and the Courts under sworn oath of Law are no longer able to over-rule on any Native Council/Hapu decision. The Hapu are totally free to exercise their kawa and tikanga without fear of “other legislative body” rules undermining the mana of the Hapu